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Integrative Physiology & Pharmacology Ph.D. Program at Wake Forest University


Wake Forest University Graduate School » Integrative Physiology & Pharmacology Ph.D. Program

David Loren Carroll, Ph.D.

David Loren Carroll, Ph.D.

Professor Carroll is a materials physicist by training. His research focuses primarily on the properties of quantum matrix composites.  These are correlated arrays of nano dots or nano wires in an electro-active host media that express unique and cooperative, quantum signatures related to internal degrees of freedom and length scale self-similarity.

 PhD: Physics

University: PhD- Wesleyan U. (CT/US), BS- NCSU (NC/US)

Postdoc: UPENN (PA/US), MPI-Stuttgart (BW/DE)

Tenured: Wake Forest University (Physics)

Adj. Appointments: Cancer Biology, Biomedical Engineering

Publications: > 220 + 1 text book and 3 edited books.

Patents: 12 issued patent families

Citations: > 8000

Editorial Service: 

Editor-in-Chief Engineering

Board: Journal of Biosensors and Bioelectronics

Board: Current Organic Synthesis

Board Service:

SciWorks Children's Museum

North Carolina School of Science and Math

Winston-Salem Technology Council

More Information: www.wfu.edu/~carroldl

 

Books and Book Chapters 1 One-Dimensional Metals: Physics and Materials Science, 2nd edition. Authors, S. Roth and D.L. Carroll, VCH press Weinheim, Germany. (2004) 2 Nanotube based Devices, Volume 722, MRS Symposium Proceedings, Ed. P. Bernier, D.L. Carroll, G.-T. Kim, S. Roth, MRS press, Pittsburg PA (2003) 3 Functional Carbon Nanotubes, Volume 858E, MRS Symposium Proceedings, Ed. D.L. Carroll, B. Weisman, S. Roth, A. Rubio, MRS Press, Pittsburg PA (2004) 4. Negative Index of Refraction: Optics and Metamaterials, J.E. Kielbasa, D.L. Carroll, and R.T. Williams in Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and Applications, Jai Singh (Editor) Wiley Press, Hoboken, NJ, (2006) 5. Bi-Functional Nanomaterials for the Imaging and Treatment of Cancer, A. Burke, D. Carroll, F. Torti, and S.V. Torti, Handbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Sonke Adlung (Editor) Oxford University Press, (2008) Refereed Publications 1. M. Wagner, D.L. Carroll, D.A. Bonnell, and M. Rühle, “Nanoscale Metal-Transition Metal Oxide Interfaces Studied With Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy (STS)” Electron Microscopy (1996) 33 - 38. 2. M. Wagner, D.L. Carroll, D.A. Bonnell, and M. Rühle, “Charakterisierung vom Metall-Keramik-Grenzflächen mit Hilfe der Raster-Tunnel-Mikroskopie und Raster-Tunnel-Spektroskopie” Tagungsband zur Werkstoffwoche '96 (1996) 75 - 79. 3. D.A. Bonnell, B. Huey, and D.L. Carroll, “In Situ Measurement of Electric Fields at Individual Grain Boundaries in TiO2” Solid State Ionics 74, (1995) 35-42. 4. D.A. Bonnell, Y. Liang, and D.L. Carroll, “On the Use of Electron Tunneling to Investigate Surface Structure and Interface Formation in Transition Metal Oxides: SrTiO3 and TiO2” Interface Science 2, (1995) 365-372. 5. T.W. Mercer, D.L. Carroll, Y. Liang, J. DiNardo, and D.A. Bonnell, “Photo-Induced Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Insulating Diamond Films” J. Appl. Phys. 75, (1994) 12 - 18. 6. Y. Liang, D.L. Carroll, D.A. Bonnell, “STM Studies of Ultra-Thin Overlayers of Cu on SrTiO3 (001) Surfaces” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 13 (1994) 2370 - 2390. 7. D.L. Carroll, Y. Liang, and D.A. Bonnell, “Investigation of the Growth and Structure of Aluminum Overlayers on TiO2 (100) by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 13, (1994) 2298-2303. 8. D.L. Carroll, D.L. Doering, P. Xiong-Skiba, and K. Siek, “Directional Emission of Electrons From Sapphire (1012) During Thermal Stimulation” Journal of Applied Physics, 14 (1993) 786 - 790. 9. D.L. Carroll, D.L. Doering, P. Xiong-Skiba, and K. Siek, “Directional Emission of Electrons During Thermal Stimulation From an Electron Irradiated Sapphire (1012) Surface” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 12 (1993) 1392 - 1399. 10. D.L. Carroll, D.L. Doering, and P. Xiong-Skiba, “Electron Trapping Mechanisms in an Electron Irradiated Single Crystal of SiO2” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 11, (1993) 2312-2317. 11. D.L. Carroll, D.L. Doering, and B.S. Blais, “Thermally- and Optically-Stimulated Exoelectron Emission from an Electron Beam Irradiated Glass-Ceramic” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 10, (1992) 2863-2868. 12. P. Xiong-Skiba, D.L. Carroll, and D.L. Doering, “Characterization of Electron Beam Damage in Oxidized Silicon Using Thermally-Stimulated Exoelectron Emission” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 8, (1990) 1549-1554. 13. P Nanoscale Metal-Transition Metal Oxide Interfaces Studied with STM and STS M. Wagner, D. L. Carroll, D. A. Bonnell and M. Rühle, Proc. 11th European Congress on Electron Microscopy, Ed. U.C.D. Belfield, (Dublin, Ireland 1996) 14. P Y. Liang, D.L. Carroll, and D.A. Bonnell, “The Morphology of Cu Clusters on SrTiO3 (001) at Initial Stages of Metal Film Growth” Structure and Properties of Interfaces in Ceramics, editors: D.A. Bonnell, U. Chowdhry, and M. Rühle, Materials Research Society Vol 355, (1995) 51-7. 15. P D.A. Bonnell, D.L. Carroll and Y. Liang, “Initial Stages of Metal Film Growth on Transition Metal Oxides” Evolution of Thin Film and Surface Structure and Morphology, editors: B.G. Demczyk, E.Garfunkel, E.D. Williams, B. Clemens, and J. Cuomo, Materials Research Society, (1995) 130 - 134. 16. P B. Huey, D.L. Carroll and D.A. Bonnell, “Observation and Characterization of Electric Fields at Grain Boundaries” Structure and Properties of Interfaces in Ceramics, editors: D.A. Bonnell, U. Chowdhry, and M. Rühle, Materials research Society (1994) 401-405. 17. P D.L. Carroll, T. Mercer, Y. Liang, J. DiNardo and D.A. Bonnell, “Surface Morphology of Diamond Thin Films Using Photo-Induced Scanning Tunneling Microscopy” Determining Nanoscale Physical Properties of Materials by Microscopy and Spectroscopy, editors: M. Sarikaya, M. Issacson, and H.K. Wickramasighe, Materials Research Society, (1994) 483-487. 18. P P. Xiong-Skiba, D.L. Carroll, and D.L. Doering, “Defects Induced by Electron Bombardment and Substrate Doping in SiO2 Thin Films” Amorphous Thin Insulating Films, editors: J. Kanicki, R.A.B. Devine, W.L. Warren, M. Matsumura, Vol. 284, Materials Research Society (1993) 23 - 27. 19. P D.L. Doering, K. Siek, P. Xiong-Skiba, and D.L. Carroll, “Defect Engineering and Characterization in Oxide Surfaces using Electron Beam Irradiation” Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Fall meeting (1993) 54 – 58. 20. P D.L. Carroll, P. Xiong-Skiba, and D.L. Doering, Photoemission in an electron Bombarded Glass-Ceramic” Phase Formation and Modification by Beam-Solid Interactions. editors: G.S. Was, L.E. Rehn, D. Follestaedt, Vol. 235, Materials Research Society, (1992) 395-399. 21. P D.L. Carroll, P. Xiong-Skiba, and D.L. Doering, “Defect Creation and Electron Trapping in Ceramic and Single Crystal Alumina by Electron Beam Irradiation” Beam-Solid interactions: Fundamentals and Applications, editors: L.R. Harriot, N. Herbots and R.S. Averback, Vol. 279, Materials Research Society, (1993) 445 -449. 22. P D.L. Carroll, P. Kinlen, S. Raman, P. Redlich, M. Ruhle, X. Blase, J. Charlier, S. Curran, S. Roth, P.M. Ajayan, “Boron doped nanotubes: density of states from tunneling spectroscopy” Molecular Nanostructures, Proceedings of the International School on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials 11th Kirchberg Conference (1998) AIP publishing (invited) 23. P S. Curran, D.L. Carroll, S. Roth, P. Kinlen, S. Raman, P. Redlich, M. Ruhle, P.M. Ajayan, “STM manipulation of individual carbon nanotubes” Molecular Nanostructures, Proceedings of the International School on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials 11th Kirchberg Conference (1998) AIP publishing (invited) 24. P S. Curran, P. Ajayan, D.L. Carroll, J. Coleman, A. Dalton, W. Knechtel, B. McCarthy, W. Blau, “Doping of PPV with Carbon Nanotubes”, Proceedings of the ICSM (1998) 7/98 1997 25. M. Wagner, T. Wagner, D.L. Carroll, D.A. Bonnell, and M. Rühle “Model Systems for Metal-Ceramic Interfaces”, Materials Research Society Bulletin, 22, August (1997) 42-48 (invited). 26. A. Recnik, D.L. Carroll, K.A. Shaw, D. M. Lind, and M. Rühle “Structural Characterization of Fe3O4-NiO Superlattices using High Resolution TEM”, J. Mater. Res.,12, No. 8 (1997) 2143-2151. 27. D.L. Carroll, P. Kinlen, S. Raman, P. Redlich, M. Rühle, X. Blasé, J.C. Charlier, S. Curran, S. Roth, and P.M. Ajayan, “Boron-Doped Nanotubes, Density of States from Tunneling Spectroscopy” Molecular Nanostructures, ed. H. Kuzmany, World Scientific Publishers, NY NY, (1997) 134 – 137. 28. S. Curran, P. Kinlen, S. Raman, D.L. Carroll, P. Redlich, M. Rühle, X. Blasé, J.C. Charlier, S. Roth, and P.M. Ajayan, “STM Manipulation of Individual Carbon Nanotubes” Molecular Nanostructures, ed. H. Kuzmany World Scientific Publishers, NY NY, (1997) 246 – 249. 29. D.L. Carroll, Ph. Redlich, P.M. Ajayan, J.C. Charlier, X. Blasé, A. De Vita, and R. Car, “Electronic Structure and Localized States at Carbon Nanotube Tips” Physical Review Letters, 78, No. 14 (1997) 2881. 30. D.L. Carroll, M. Wagner, M. Rühle, and D.A. Bonnell, “Schottky Barrier Formation in Nanoscale Contacts” Physical Review B 55 (1997) 9792-9799. 31. D.L. Carroll, M. Wagner, M. Rühle and D.A. Bonnell, “The Thermal Stability of Thin Copper Films Deposited on TiO2 (110) Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy” J. Mar. Res. 12 (1997) 975-983. 32. P Scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy of chemical-vapor-deposition diamond and diamond-like carbon thin films. Mercer, T. W.; Carroll, D. L.; Liang, Yong; Bonnell, D.; Friedmann, T. A.; Siegal, M. P.; Dinardo, N. J. Editor(s): Cohen, Samuel H.; Lightbody, Marcia L. At. Force Microsc./Scanning Tunneling Microsc. 2, [Proc. U.S. Army Soldier Syst. Command, Natick Res., Dev. Eng. Cent. Symp.], 2nd (1997), Meeting Date 1994, 53-58. Publisher: Plenum, New York, N. Y 1998 33. D.L. Carroll, S. Curran, P. Redlich, P.M. Ajayan, S.Roth, M. Rühle “Nano-Domain Formation in B-Doped Carbon Nanotubes”, Physical Review Letters, 81, No. 11, (1998) 2332-2335 34. S. Curran, D.L. Carroll, P. Redlich, P.M. Ajayan, S. Roth, M. Rühle “Picking a Needle from the nano-Haystack”, Advanced Materials, 10, No. 7 (1998). 35. D. A. Bonnell, Y. Liang, M. Wagner, D. Carroll, M. Rühle " Effect of Size Dependent Interface Properties on Stability of Metal Clusters on Ceramic Substrates", Acta Met 46 (1998) 2263-70. 36. S. Curran, P.M. Ajayan, W. Blau, D.L. Carroll, J. Coleman, A. Dalton, A.P. Davey, B. McCarthy, and A. Strevens, “A Composite from Poly(m-phenylenevinylene-co-2,5-dioctoxy-p-phenylenevinylene) and Carbon Nanotubes: a novel material for molecular optoelectronics”, Advanced Materials, 10, No. 14, (1998) 1091 (cover feature of this journal) 37. D.L. Carroll, S. Curran, P.M. Ajayan, “Local Electronic Structure in Ordered Aggregates of Carbon Nanotubes: scanning tunneling microscopy/scanning tunneling spectroscopy study”, Journal of Materials Research, 13, No. 9 (1998) 2389-2395 38. S. Roth, S. Blumentritt, M. Burghard, E. Cammi, D. Carroll, S. Curran, G. Dusenberg, K. Liu, J. Muster, G. Philipp, T. Rabenau, “Molecular Rectifiers and Transistors Based on p-Conjugated Materials”, Synthetic Metals, 94 (1998) 105-110. 39. D.L. Carroll, S. Curran, P. Redlich, P.M. Ajayan, M. Rühle, and S. Roth, “Spatial Variations in the Electronic Structure of Pure and B-Doped Nanotubes” Carbon, 36, No. 5-6 (1998) 753-756. 1999 40. S. Curran, AP Davey, J Coleman, A Dalton, B McCarthy, S Maier, A Drury, D Gray, M Brennan, K Ryder, ML de la Chapelle, C Journet, P Bernier, HJ Byrne, D Carroll, PM Ajayan, S Lefrant, W Blau “Evolution and evaluation of the polymer nanotube composite” Synt. Met. 103 (1-3) 1999 2559-2562 41. X. Blase, J.-C. Charlier, A. De Vita, R. Car, Ph. Redlich, M. Terrones, W. K. Hsu, H. Terrones, D. L. Carroll, and P. M. Ajayan, “Boron-mediated growth of long helicity-selected carbon nanotubes”, Physical Review Letters, 83, No. 24, (1999) 2348 - 2352. 42. Ph. Redlich, D. L. Carroll, and P. M. Ajayan, “High Spatial Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy in Nanostructures” Current Opinions in Solid State and Materials Science, 4 (1999) 325 – 336 43. D.L. Carroll, “Nano-Scale Characterization for the Classroom”, Journal of Nanoparticle Science and Technology, 52 (1999) 1-3. 44. D.L. Carroll, T. Wagner, M. Rühle, “Nano-Phase Formation in LiNbO3 Substrates Studied by STM”, Applied Physics Letters, 75, No. 1, (1999) 46-48. 45. P H. Shah, R. Czerw, D.L. Carroll, L.S. Goldner, J. Hwang, J. Ballato, and D.W. Smith, ”Fluoropolymer nanotube composites for coatings and nanoscopic probes” Proceedings of the American Chemical Society Meeting Fall (1999). 46. P D. Tekleab, R. Czerw, A. Rubio, P.M. Ajayan, and D.L. Carroll, “Inelastic Mechanical Deformations in Multiwalled Nanotubes”, accepted for publication in Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Fall meeting 593 (1999). 2000 47 Shah, R. Czerw, D.L. Carroll, L. Goldner, J. Hwang, J. Ballato, and D. Smith, "Fluoropolymer Nanotube Composites for Coatings and Nanoscopic Probes," Polymer Materials Science and Engineering, 82, 300-301 (2000). 48 D. Tekleab, K.F. Poole, R. Singh, D.L. Carroll, and W.R. Harrell, “Modeling early failure in integrated circuit interconnect” Microelectronics Reliability 40 (2000) 991 – 996 49 R. Czerw, H.S. Woo, S. Webster, J.W. Park, J.H. Lee, and D.L. Carroll, “Blue Organic Light Emitting Diode’s with Carbazole-Based Small Molecules and Color Tuning by Side Groups,” Society of Information Display Digest (SID Digest) (2000) 50 D. Tekleab, R. Czerw, P.M. Ajayan, and D.L. Carroll, “The Electronic Structure of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Kinks” Applied Physics Letters 76 No. 24 (2000) 3594 – 3596 51 H. S. Woo, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, A. E. Strevens, and W. J. Blau “Hole blocking in carbon nanotube-polymer composite organic light emitting diodes based on poly (m-phenylene vinylene-co-2, 5-dioctoxy-p-phenylene vinylene)” Applied Physics Letters 77, No. 9 (2000) p. 1393. 52 D.L. Carroll, R. Czerw, D. Tekleab, and D.W. Smith, “Anomalous Periodic Structure of Polypropylene Chains Observed with Scanning Tunneling Microscopy” Langmuir, 16, No. 8, (2000) pp 3574 - 3577. 53 . J.E. Riggs, D.B. Walker, D.L. Carroll, and Y.-P. Sun, "Optical Limiting Properties of Suspended and Solubilized Carbon Nanotubes”, J. Phys. Chem. B 12, 104 (2000), 7071 – 7075. 54 . Z. Guo, J. Riggs, D.L. Carroll, and Y-P. Sun, “Strong Luminescence of Solubilized Carbon Nanotubes” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, (2000), 5879 – 5882. 55 . F. X. Zha, R. Czerw, D. L. Carroll, Ph. Kohler-Redlich, B. Q. Wei, A. Loiseau, and S. Roth, “Scanning tunneling microscopy of chromium-filled carbon nanotubes: Tip effects and related topographic features”, Physical Review B, 61, No. 3, (2000) 4884 - 4889. 56. P B. McCarthy, R. Czerw, A. Strevens, D.L. Carroll, and W. Blau, “Substrate Mediated Ordering in PmPV Thin Films”, accepted for publication in Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Fall meeting 598 (2000). 57. P H. Dobberstein, R.W. Schwartz, P.G. Clem, D.L. Carroll and R. Czerw, “Microscopical Study of the Structural Evolution of Sol-Gel Derived Buffer Layers for the Intergration of YBCO on Biaxially Textured Nickel” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 619, (2000). 2001 58. B. McCarthy, J. Coleman, R. Czerw, A Dalton, D.L. Carroll, and W. Blau, “Microscopy studies of nanotube – conjugated polymer interactions”, Synthetic Metals, 121, (2001) 1225. 59. Richard Czerw, Zhixin Guo, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Ya-Ping Sun, and David L. Carroll, “Organization of Polymers onto Carbon Nanotubes: a route to nano-scale assembly” Nanoletters, 1 [8] 423-427 (2001). 60. B. McCarthy, J N Coleman, R Czerw, A B Dalton, H J Byrne, D Tekleab, P Iyer, P M Ajayan, W J Blau, and D L Carroll, “Complex nano-assemblies of polymers and carbon nanotubes” Nanotechnology 12 (2001) 187 – 190. 61. D. Tekleab, D.L. Carroll, G.G. Samsonidze, and B.I. Yakobson, “Strain-Induced Electronic Property Heterogeneity of a Carbon Nanotube,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 035419 (2001) 62. K. Fu, W. Huang, Y. Lin, A. Riddle, D.L. Carroll, and Y.-P. Sun, “Defunctionalization of Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes,” Nanoletters, 1[8] 439-441 (2001). 63. J.E. Riggs, D.B. Walker, D.L. Carroll, Y.-P. Sun, "Carbon Nanotubes as Optical Limiters" in Fullerenes, published in Recent Advances in the Chemistry and Physics of Fullerenes and Related Materials, 8; K.M. Kadish, P.V. Kamat, D.M. Guldi, Eds., The Electrochemical Society Inc. (2001) 64. R. Czerw, M Terrones, J.-C. Charlier, R. Kamalakaran, N. Grobert, H. Terrones, B. Foley, D. Tekleab, P.M. Ajayan, W. Blau, M. Rühle, and D.L. Carroll, “First Identification of Electron Donor States in Carbon Nanotubes Using N-Doping” Nanoletters 1[9] 457-460 (2001). 65. F. X. Zha, R. Czerw, D.L. Carroll, Ph. Kohler-Redlich, B. Q. Wei, A. Loiseau, and S. Roth, “Electronic Structure of - Dendritic Cr Filled Carbon Nanotubes Measured by STM” Phys. Rev. B 63, 165432 (2001). 66. Y.-P. Sun, W. Huang, Y. Lin, K. Fu, A. Kitaygorodskiy, L.A. Riddle, Y.J. Yu, D.L. Carroll, “Soluble Dendron-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes: Preparation, Characterization, and Properties” Chemistry of Materials 13[9], (2001) 2864 - 2869. 67. H.S. Woo, R. Czerw, S. Webster, D.L. Carroll, J.W. Park, J.H. Lee, "Organic Light Emitting Diodes Fabricated with Single Walled Carbon Nanaotubes Dispersed in a Hole Conducting Buffer: The Role of Carbon Nanotubes in a Hole Conducting Polymer" Synthetic Metals, 116, (2001), 369 - 372. 68. P W. Huang, Y. Lin, K. Fu, A. Kitaygorodskiy, L. Riddle, Y. Yu, D.L. Carroll, Y. P. Sun, “Soluble dendron-functionalized carbon nanotubes: preparation, characterization, and properties”, Proceedings of the electrochemical society (fullerenes-Vol 11: fullerenes for the next millennium) (2001) 223-243 (ACS publishing). 69. P R. Czerw, H. S. Woo, D. L. Carroll, J. Ballato, and P. M. Ajayan, “Tailoring Hole Transport and Color Tunability In Organic Light Emitting Devices Using Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes” Proceedings of the SPIE 4590 (BioMEMS and Smart Nanostructures) (2001) 153-161. 70. P A. Dalton, B. McCarthy, J. Coleman, M. In het Panhuis, D.L. Carroll, R. Czerw, W. Blau, H. Byrne, Physical Interactions of carbon nanotubes and conjugated polymers MRS symposium proceedings (2001) 675 (nanotubes, Fullerenes, Nanostructured and Disordered Carbon). 71. P J. DiMaio, S. Rhyne, J. Ballato, R. Czerw, J.-F. Xu, S. Webster, D.L. Carroll, K. Fu and Y.-P. Sun, “Transparent Silica Glasses Containing Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes” Proceedings of the SPIE (2001) 4452 (inorganic materials III) 48-53. 2002 72. S. Chen, Z. Fan, and D.L. Carroll, “Silver Nanodisks: Synthesis, Characterization, and Self Assembly”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 106 (42): OCT 24 (2002) 10777-10781. 73. R. Czerw, P.-W. Chiu, Y.-M. Choi, D.S. Lee, D.L. Carroll, S. Roth, Y.-W. Park, “Substitutional boron-doping of carbon nanotubes” Current Applied Physics 2 (2002) 473-477. 74. M. Terrones, N. Grobert, H. Terrones, P.M. Ajayan, F. Banhart, X. Blasé, D.L. Carroll, R. Czerw, B. Foley, J.C. Charlier, “Doping and Connecting Carbon Nanotubes” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Vol. 387 p 275 – 286 (2002). 75. P. Tan, L. An, L. Liu, Z. Guo, R. Czerw, D.L. Carroll, P.M. Ajayan, N. Zhang, H. Guo, “Probing phonon dispersion relations of graphite from the double resonance process of antistokes Raman scattering” Physical Review B, 66 (24): art. No. -245410, DEC 15 (2002) 76. R. Czerw, D. Tekleab, B. Foley, A. Rubio, P.M. Ajayan, and D.L. Carroll, “Substrate-interface interactions between carbon nanotubes and the supporting substrate”, Physical Review B 66, 033408 (2002) 77. S. Wang, J. Yang, Y. Li,H. Lin, Z. Guo, S. Xiao, Z. Shi, D. Zhu, H.-S. Woo, D.L. Carroll, I.-S. Kee, and J.-H. Lee, “Composites of C60 based poly (phenylene vinylene) and Conjugated Polymer for Polymer Light Emitting Devices,” Applied Physics Letters 80 [20] 3487 – 3850 (2002). 78. J. Ballato, J. DiMaio, T. D. Taylor E. Gulliver, Dae-Gon Han, R. E. Riman, and D.L. Carroll, “Structure Determination in Colloidal Crystal Photonic Bandgap Structures,” Journal of the American Ceramics Society 85 [6] 1366-68 (2002). 79. J. DiMaio, S. Rhyne,Z. Yang, K. Fu, R. Czerw, J.-F. Xu, S. Webster, Y.-P. Sun, D.L. Carroll, and John Ballato. “Transparent Silica Glasses Containing single Walled Carbon Nanotubes” Information Sciences 149 (2003) 69-73. 80. P. Yang, J. Ballato, R. Schwartz, and D.L. Carroll, “Optical Limiting in SrBi2Ta2O9 and PbZrxTi1-xO3 ferroelectric thin films” Applied Physics Letters 80 [18] 3394 – 3396 (2002) 81. H. Zengin, W. Zhou, J. Jin, R. Czerw, D.W. Smith, L. Echegoyen, D.L. Carroll, S. Foulger, and J. Ballato, “Carbon nanotube doped polyaniline”, Advanced Materials 14 [20] 1480-1483 (2002) 82. J.-F. Xu, R. Czerw, R Nesper, J. Ballato, and D. L. Carroll, “Nonlinear Optical Transmission in VOx Nanotubes and VOx Nanotube-Composites” Applied Physics Letters 81 [9] 1711-1713 (2002). 83. B. McCarthy, J.N. Coleman, R. Czerw, A.B. Dalton, M. in het Panhuis, A. Maiti, A. Drury, H.J. Byrne, D.L. Carroll, and W.J. Blau, “A Microscopy and Spectroscopy Study of Interactions between Carbon Nanotubes and a Conjugated Polymer” J. Phys. Chem. B 106 [9] 2210-2216 (2002). 84. J. Ballato, J. DiMaio, E. Gulliver, D.G. Han, R.E. Riman, and D.L. Carroll “A simple a priori determination of optical transmission gaps in photonic crystals of weak symmetry” Optical Materials 20 (1) (2002) 51 – 55. 85. Y. Sun, B. Zhou, K. Henbest, K. Fu, W. Huang, Y. Lin, S. Taylor, and D.L. Carroll, “Luminescence anisotropy of functionalized carbon nanotubes in solution”, Chemical Physics Letters, 351 (5,6) 349-353 (2002). 86. J. Maultzsch, S. Reich, C. Thomsen, S. Webster, R. Czerw, D.L. Carroll, S.M.C. Vieira, P.R. Birkett, and C.A. Rego, “Raman Characterization of boron doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes” Applied Physics Letters 81[14] 2647-2650 (2002). 87. P. Yang, J. Ballato, and D.L. Carroll, “Electrical properties of SrBi2Ta2O9 ferroelectric thin films at low temperature” Applied Physics Letters, 81 [24] 4583 – 4586 (2002). 88. S. Chen, D.L. Carroll, “Synthesis and Characterization of Truncated Triangular Silver Nanoplates” Nanoletters 2[9] 1003-1007 (2002) 89. M. Terrones, P.M. Ajayan, F. Banhart, X. Blase, D.L. Carroll, J.C. Charlier, R. Czerw, B. Foley, N. Grobert, R. Kamalakaran, Ph. Kohler-Redlich, M. Rühle, T. Seeger, H. Terrones, “N-Doping and Coalescence of Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis and Electronic Properties” Applied Physics A 74[3] 355-361 (2002). 90. P R. Czerw, P.W. Chiu, Y.M. Choi, D.S. Lee, D.L. Carroll, S. Roth, Y.W. Park, Substitutional Doping of Carbon Nanotubes, Structural and Electronic Properties of Molecular Nanostructures, XVI International Winter School on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials ED. Kuzmany, Fink, Mehring, Roth, AIP Conference Proceedings 633, (2002) 86 – 89. 91. P R. Czerw, P. Chui, Y.M. Choi, D.S. Lee, D.L. Carroll, S. Roth, Y.W. Park, “Substiutional Doping of carbon nanotubes, Molecular Nanostructures, Proceedings of the International School on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials 14th Kirchberg Conference (2002) AIP publishing (invited) 2003 92. S. Chen, Z.L. Wang, J. Ballato, S. Foulger, and D.L. Carroll, “Monopod, Bipod, and Tetrapod Gold Nanocrystals”, Journal of the American Chemical Society ja038927. DEC (2003) 93. H.L. Pan, L.Q. Liu, Z.X. Guo, L.M. Dai, F.S. Zhang, D.B. Zhu, R. Czerw, D.L. Carroll, “Carbon nanotubols from mechanochemical reaction”, Nanoletters, 3 (1) JAN (2003) 29-32. 94. T.A. Hill, D.L. Carroll, R. Czerw, C.W. Martin, D. Perahia, “Atomic Force microscopy studies on the dewetting of perfluorinated ionomer thin films”, Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, 41 (2) JAN 15 (2003) 149-158. 95. R. Czerw, S. Webster, D.L. Carroll, S. Vieira, P.R. Birkett, C.A. Rego, S. Roth, “Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Multiwalled Boron Nitride Nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (8) 2003, 1617 – 1619. 96. N. Chakrapani, Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Choi, P. M. Ajayan, S. Nayak, J. A. Moore, D. L. Carroll, “Adsorption of acetone on carbon nanotubes” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107 (35): SEP 4 (2003) 9308-9311. 97. P. Yang, D.L. Carroll, J. Ballato, “AC conduction mechanism of SrBi2TaO9 thin films below room temperature” Journal of Materials Science Letters 22 (2003) p 5 – 7. 98. N. Chakrapani, Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Choi, P. M. Ajayan, S. Nayak, J. A. Moore, D. L. Carroll, “Adsorption of acetone on carbon nanotubes” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107 (35): SEP 4 (2003) 9308-9311. 99. Y.-M. Choi, D.-S. Lee, R. Czerw, N. Grobert, M. Terrones, M. Reyes-Reyes, H. Terrones, P.M. Ajayan, D. L. Carroll, S. Roth, and Y.-W. Park, “Nonlinear behavior in the thermopower of doped carbon nanotubes due to strong localized states” Nanoletters, 3 (6) Jun (2003) 839 – 842. 100.P Mauricio Terrones, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Florian Banhart, X. Blase, David L. Carroll, Jean-Christophe Charlier, Richard Czerw, Nicole Grobert, R. Kamalakaran, Martine Mayne, Marisol Reyes-Reyes, Manfred Ruhle, T. Seeger, Humberto Terrones, Proc. SPIE Vol. 5118, Nanotechnology; Robert Vajtai, Xavier Aymerich, Laszlo B. Kish, Angel Rubio; Eds. P. 1-13 (2003)

 

Our research work focuses on “Quantum Matrix Composites.”  These materials are based on spatially correlated arrays of quantum-functional nanomaterials, within an electroactive host.  Local symmetries, degrees of freedom, and scale-invariant topologies lead to a rich assortment of interactions within the complex architecture.  We specifically seek to understand the quantum-cooperative behavior that results.   

Our group also explores how these materials might lead to the development of technologies in:

1) Power: advanced photovoltaic architectures and materials, PV/T hybrids, lighting and display systems, piezo/thermo-electrics.

2) Medicine: cancer therapeutics, sensor technology, and biological-electronic interfaces (Bionics).

We are founding members of the Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials at Wake Forest University.